Credit Based Semester and Grading System
T.Y.B.A. Psychology
Syllabi to be implemented from 20152016
Psychological Testing
and Statistics: Parts I and II
(Paper IV in old scheme)
Code

Sem.

Course Title

Credits

Marks

UAPS501

5

Psychological
Testing and Statistics: Part I

4

100 (75 + 25)

UAPS601

6

Psychological
Testing and Statistics: Part II

4

100 (75 + 25)

Objectives 
1) To impart knowledge and understanding of the nature,
uses, technical features, and
the process of construction of psychological tests
2) To create awareness about measurement of intelligence and assessment of personality
3) To impart knowledge and understanding of the concepts
in Statistics and the various measures of Descriptive
Statistics  their characteristics, uses,
applications and methods of calculation
4) To create a foundation for advanced learning of
Psychological Testing, Assessment, and Statistics
Semester 5. Psychological
Testing and Statistics: Part I
(Credits = 4) 4
lectures per week
Unit 1. Psychological Testing and Assessment
a)
Definition of testing and assessment;
the process and tools of assessment
b)
The parties and types of
settings involved
c)
How assessments are conducted;
assessment of people with disabilities; Reference sources for
authoritative information about tests
Unit 2. Tests,
Testing and Norms
a) Various assumptions about Psychological Testing and Assessment
b) What is a ‘Good
Test’; Norms – sampling to develop norms, types of norms, fixed reference group
scoring systems, normreferenced versus criterionreferenced evaluation; culture and inference
c) Concerns of the profession  Test user qualifications, testing people
with disabilities, CAPA; the four rights
of testtakers
Unit 3. Reliability
a) The concept of Reliability; sources of error variance
b) Reliability estimates: TestRetest, Parallel and Alternate
Forms, SplitHalf, InterItem Consistency – KuderRichardson, Cronbach’s Coefficient Alpha; InterScorer Reliability
c) Using and interpreting a coefficient of Reliability – purpose of
the Reliability coefficient, nature of the test, the true score model of measurement and alternatives to it
d) Reliability and individual scores: SEM and SEDifference
Unit 4. Validity
a) The concept of validity; Face and Content validity
b) Criterionrelated validity and Construct validity
c) Validity, bias, and fairness
Unit 5. Types of scores, Types of scales, Frequency Distribution and
Graphic representations
a)
Continuous
and discrete scores – meaning and difference; Nominal,
ordinal, interval and ratio scales of measurement
b) Preparing
a Frequency Distribution; advantages and
disadvantages of preparing a frequency distribution; smoothed
frequencies: method of running averages
c) Graphic representations:
Frequency polygon, histogram, cumulative frequency curve, ogive, polygon of
smoothed frequencies (Unit
5c is only for theoretical understanding
and questions; graphs are not to be drawn in the exam.)
Unit 6. Measures of central tendency
a)
Calculation of mean, median and mode of a frequency distribution; The assumed mean method for calculating the mean
b)
Comparison
of measures of central tendency: Merits,
limitations, and uses of mean, median and mode
Semester 6. Psychological
Testing and Statistics: Part II (Credits = 4) 4
lectures per week
Unit 1. Test Development
a) Test conceptualization and Test construction
b) Test tryout and Item analysis
c) Test revision
Unit 2. Measurement of
Intelligence and Intelligence Scales
a)
What is Intelligence?  Definitions and theories; measuring Intelligence
b)
The StanfordBinet Intelligence Scales and the Wechsler Tests:
WAIS, WISC, WPPSI
c) Closeup: Factor analysis
Unit 3. Assessment of
Personality
a) Personality Assessment –
some basic questions: who, what, where, how; Developing instruments to assess personality – logic and reason,
theory, data reduction methods, criterion groups; personality assessment and culture
b) Objective methods of
personality assessment
c) Projective methods of
personality assessment  Inkblots as Projective stimuli  the Rorschach;
Pictures as Projective stimuli – Thematic Apperception Test; Projective methods
in perspective
Unit 4. Probability, Normal Probability Curve and Standard scores
a) The concept of Probability; laws
of Probability; Characteristics, importance and applications of the Normal
Probability Curve; Area under the Normal Curve
b) Skewness positive
and negative, causes of skewness, formula for calculation; Kurtosis  meaning and formula
for calculation
c) Standard scores – z, T, Stanine;
Linear and nonlinear transformation; Normalised Standard scores
Unit 5. Measures of Variability, Percentiles, and Percentile Ranks
a)
Calculation of 4 measures of
variability: Range, Average Deviation, Quartile Deviation and Standard
Deviation
b)
Comparison
of 4 measures of variability: Merits,
limitations, and uses
c)
Percentiles – nature, merits, limitations, and uses; Calculation of
Percentiles and Percentile Ranks
Unit 6. Correlation
a) Meaning and types of correlation
– positive, negative and zero; Graphic
representations of correlation  Scatterplots
b) The steps involved in
calculation of Pearson’s
productmoment correlation coefficient
c) Calculation of rho by Spearman’s
rankdifference method; Uses and limitations
of correlation coefficient
d) Simple Regression and Multiple
Regression
(Unit 6b is only for theoretical
understanding and questions, not for calculation in the exam.)
Book for study
Cohen, J. R., Swerdlik, M. E., &
Sturman, E. D. (2013). Psychological Testing and Assessment: An introduction to Tests and Measurement. (8^{th }ed.).
New York. McGrawHill
International edition. (Indian reprint 2015)
Books for reference
1)
Aiken, L. R., & GrothMarnat,
G. (2006). Psychological Testing and
Assessment. (12^{th} ed.). Pearson. Indian reprint 2009, by Dorling
Kindersley, New Delhi
2)
Anastasi, A. & Urbina, S.
(1997). Psychological Testing. (7^{th}
ed.). Pearson Education, Indian reprint 2002
3)
Aaron, A., Aaron, E. N., &
Coups, E. J. (2006). Statistics for
Psychology. (4^{th} ed.). Pearson Education, Indian reprint 2007
4)
Cohen, J. R., Swerdlik, M. E., & Kumthekar, M. M. (2014). Psychological Testing and Assessment: An introduction to Tests and
Measurement. (7^{th }ed.).
New Delhi: McGrawHill Education (India) Pvt Ltd., Indian adaptation
5)
Gregory, R. J. (2013). Psychological Testing: History, Principles,
and Applications. (^{6th} ed.). Pearson Indian reprint 2014, by
Dorling Kindersley India pvt ltd, New Delhi
6)
Hoffman, E. (2002). Psychological Testing at Work. New
Delhi: Tata McGrawHill
7) Hogan, T.
P. (2015). Psychological Testing: A Practical introduction. (3^{rd}
ed.). John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey
8)
HollisSawyer, L.A., Thornton, G.
C. III, Hurd, B., & Condon, M.E. (2009). Exercises in Psychological Testing. (2^{nd} ed.). Boston: Pearson Education
9)
Kaplan, R. M., & Saccuzzo, D.
P. (2005). Psychological Testing –
Principles, Applications and Issues. (6^{th
}ed.). Wadsworth Thomson Learning, Indian reprint 2007
10) Kline, T.J.B. (2005). Psychological
Testing: A Practical approach to design and evaluation. New Delhi: Vistaar
(Sage) publications
11) Mangal, S.K. (1987). Statistics
in Psychology and Education. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company
Ltd.
12) McBurney, D.H. (2001).
Research Methods. (5^{th }ed.). Bangalore: Thomson Learning India
13) Miller, L.A., Lovler,
R. L., & McIntire, S.A., (2013). Foundations
of Psychological Testing: A practical approach. (4^{th} ed.). Sage
publications
14) Minium, E. W., King, B. M., &
Bear, G. (2001). Statistical
Reasoning in Psychology and Education. Singapore: JohnWiley
15) Urbina, S.
(2014). Essentials of Psychological Testing. (2^{nd }ed.). John Wiley
& Sons, New Jersey
Pattern of question paper of the Class
test
The class test will be on any
1 unit taught in that Semester. If the unit is of Psychological Testing,
the Pattern can be any one of the following types.
1)
Write short notes. (Any 4 out of
6, each having 5 marks)
2)
Explain the terms in brief. (Any
10 out of 14, each having 2 marks)
3)
Fill in the blanks (Any 20 out of
24, each having 1 mark)
4)
Multiple choice question with 4
options (Any 20 out of 24, each having 1 mark)
5)
Two questions of 10 marks each;
any possible combination of questions of any 2 of the above 4 types – e.g.
o
2 Short Notes out of 4 and
10 out of 14 Fill in the blanks
o
5 out of 10 terms in brief
and 2 out of 4 short notes or
o
10 out of 14 Fill in the
blanks and 10 out of 14 Multiple choice question with 4 options
If the class test is on a
unit of Statistics, the Pattern will be as follows 
A) 8 marks Theoretical question on the unit  Fill in the
blanks or Multiple choice question (8 out of 10) or Explain the terms in brief
(Any 4 out of 6).
B) 12 marks, depending on the
unit –
o Prepare a Frequency Distribution of given scores or
o Calculate of Mean, Median and Mode of a
Frequency Distribution (5, 5, and 2 marks) or
o Calculate QD or SD (9 marks) and 1 Percentile or 1 Percentile Rank (3 marks) or
o Calculate rho by Spearman’s rankdifference method (11 marks for Calculation,
1 mark for interpretation)
Pattern of question paper for
Semesterend examination at
T.Y.B.A. Semesters 5 and 6
For the courses in Psychological
Testing and Statistics:
Parts I and II
Duration of examination = 2 1/2hours Marks = 75 (per semester)
All 5 questions carry 15 marks and are compulsory. There
will be internal choice in each Question. The first 4 questions will be on the
first 4 units.
Q. 1
will have 2 essaytype
questions A and B of 15 marks on any 2 different units out of the 4 units
covered in the semester, in any combination like 1 and 2, 1 and 4, 2 and
4, and so on.
Q. 2
will have 2 essaytype
questions A and B on the other 2 units out of the 4 units which are not covered
in Q. no. 1.
Students can answer either A or B of question no. 1 and 2.
Q. no. 3 will be  Write any 3 short notes out of 6,
based on any 2 different units out of the 4 units covered in the semester, with
3 notes from each of the 2 units.
Q. no. 4 will be  Explain the terms in brief, based on
the other 2 units out of the 4 units which are not covered in Q. no. 3., any 5 terms
out of 8; 4 terms from each of the 2 units)
Q. no. 5 will be based units 5 and 6
which are of Statistics. Part A in Q. no. 5 will be on unit 5 and part B on
unit 6 of the semester. There will be a theoretical question for 3 marks and 12
marks will be for preparing a frequency distribution or for various
calculations according to the topics in the unit.
Semester 5  One Example – (questions 1,
2, 3 and 4 on Psychological Testing; q. 5 on Statistics)
Q.
1

On units 1 and 3

Attempt either
A or B.
A. Essaytype on Unit 1.
B. Essaytype
on Unit 3.

Q.
2

On units 2 and 4

Attempt either
A or B.
A. Essaytype question on Unit 2.
B. Essaytype question on Unit 4.

Q. 3

On units 2, 3

Write short notes (any 3 out of 6; three short notes
from unit 2 and three short notes from unit 3)

Q. 4

On units 1, 4

Explain the terms in brief. (Any 5 terms out of 8; 4
terms from on unit 1 and 4 terms from unit 4)

Q. 5

On units 5 and 6; Statistics

Attempt either A or B.
A. i) Theoretical
question for 3 marks on unit 5. *
ii) Prepare a Frequency Distribution of given scores 
12 marks
B. i) Theoretical question for 3 marks on unit 6.
ii) Calculate of Mean, Median
and Mode of a Frequency Distribution.
(12 marks; 5, 5, and 2 marks respectively)

* Note  Only theoretical
questions will be asked on frequency polygon, histogram, cumulative frequency
curve, ogive and smoothing a frequency polygon; questions of drawing these
graphs will not be asked in the class test or in the Semester End exam.
Semester 6  One Example
Q.
1

On units 1 and 3

Attempt either
A or B.
A. Essaytype on Unit 1.
B. Essaytype
on Unit 3.

Q.
2

On units 2 and 4

Attempt either
A or B.
A. Essaytype question on Unit 2.
B. Essaytype question on Unit 4.

Q. 3

On units 2, 3

Write short notes (any 3 out of 6; three short notes
from unit 2 and three short notes from unit 3)

Q. 4

On units 1, 4

Explain the terms in brief. (Any 5 terms out of 8; 4
terms from on unit 1 and 4 terms from unit 4)

Q. 5

On units 5 and 6
Statistics

Attempt either A or B.
A. i) Theoretical
question for 3 marks on unit 5.
ii) Calculate QD or SD (9
marks) and 1 Percentile or 1 Percentile Rank (3
marks).
B. i) Theoretical question for 3 marks on unit 6. ii)
Calculate rho by Spearman’s rankdifference method
(11
marks for Calculation, 1 mark for interpretation)

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